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State Child Protection

  1. The State Child Protection Society(SCPS)


          The State Child Protection Society has been registered on 05-02-2011. The Society implements various programs in 30 Districts through District Child Protection Units (DCPUs) and State Adoption Resource Agency (SARA).


     The State Child Protection Society Programmes are as follows:

  1. Contribution to the effective implementation of child protection legislation, schemes and achievement of child protection goals laid out in the National Plan of Action for children, in doing so, the SCPS will follow national and state priorities, rules and guidelines.
  2. Implementation, supervision and monitoring of ICPS and all other Child Protection Scheme/Programme and agencies/institutions at State level.
  3. Setting up, supporting and monitoring performance of DCPU and ensure proper flow and utilization of funds to the districts through ICPS.
  4. Co-coordinating, collaborating and networking with all Government Departments and NGO’s in certain specified areas.
  5. Carrying out need-based research and documentation activities at state  level for  Assessing the number of children in difficult circumstances and creating State- specific database to monitor and inclination of patterns.
  6.  Capacity Building of all personnel (Government and Non-Government) working under child protection system, strengthening and equipping the institutions and personnel for optimum results.


             State Adoption Resource Agency (SARA):

           In order to support CARA in promoting in-country adoption and regulating inter-country adoption, ICPS provides for establishing of a State Adoption Resources Agency(SARA) in every State/UT as a unit under the SCPS, to coordinate, monitor and develop the work of adoption and render secretarial and administrative assistance. SARA Shall liaison with DCPU at District levels and provide technical support to the child Welfare Committees in carrying out the process of rehabilitation and social rein.


             State Child Protection Unit (SCPU):

               State Child Protection Unit has been formed in 2008-09 with the collaboration of Government of Karnataka, Women and Child Development and  UNICEF, Hyderabad to help the department in implementing the  schemes for child protection. ICPS envisages setting up of DCPU in each District as a fundamental unit for implementation of child centered scheme. DCPUs are constituted in all the 30 Districts and are functioning. The DCPUs coordinate and implement all the Child protection Legislations, Schemes, State Action Plan for Children and other Child Protection Activities at District Level. Rs.1418.70 lakhs is earmarked towards various activities for 30 District Child Protection Units.


Statutory Support Services:

             1)Child Welfare Committee:

              The “Child Welfare Committee” consists of a Chairperson and four other members having knowledge of child related issues, out of which one is a woman and one member is an expert in child related matters for legally exercising the powers & discharging the duties in relation to child in need of care &protection .They are selected by the State Selection Committee headed by Retired Judge of the High Court.
As per the Govt.Notification No.-1, MaMaE 202 MaBhaBa 2017 dated :26/9/2017 and Notification No MaMaE 202 MaBhaBa 2017 (Part-1) dated :30/11/2017, totally 33 CWCs are constituted in all the 30 districts. In Bangalore Urban District there are 3 CWCs, one for boys, one for girls and one for children of age below 6years. In Uttara Kannada District 2 CWCs are functioning in Karwar and Sirsi.


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Cases pending as on April 1, 2018

No. Of new cases

Total cases attended by the Child Welfare Committee

Number of cases settled

Number of pending cases by March 2019







               2) Juvenile Justice Board

            The State Government shall, constitute for every district, one or more Juvenile Justice Boards for exercising the power and discharging its functions relating to children in conflict with law under J.J Act.. The Chief Judicial Magistrate is the Chairperson of JJB in all the districts, except in Bangalore (U) District where Chief Metropolitan Magistrate is the Chairperson for exercising the powers & discharging the duties in relation to children in conflict with law. Other two members are social workers selected by State Selection Committee headed by Retired Judge of the High Court. JJB is constituted in all the 30 districts. Vide notification No 2 MaMaE 202 MaBaBa 2017 dated 26-9-2017 and no. MaMaE 202 MaBaBa 2017(part-1) dated 30-11-2017.

              Juvenile Justice Boards were constituted in all 30 districts. By the Order Number: Mamae 267 Mababa 2015, Dated: 25.08.2018 additionally, 5 Juvenile Justice Boards have been sanctioned to Bangalore City, Vijayapura, Kalaburagi, Belgaum and Mangalore district.


Cases pending as on April 1, 2018

No. Of new cases

Total cases attended by the Juvenile Justice Board

Number of cases settled

Number of pending cases by March 2019








  1. Special Juvenile Police Units: (SJPU)

             To Co-ordinate all the functions of police related to children, the State Government shall constitute special Juvenile police units in each districts and city, headed by a police officer not below the rank of a Deputy Superintendent of police or above and constituting of all police officers designated child welfare police officer and two social workers having experience of working in the field of child welfare of whom one shall be a women. All police officers are given special training especially at induction as child welfare police officers to enable them to perform their functions more effectively.   In every police station, at least one officer, not below the rank of assistant sub-inspector, with aptitude, appropriate training and orientation may be designated as the child welfare officer to exclusively deal with children either as victims or perpetrators, in co-ordination with the voluntary and non-governmental organisations.  Special Juvenile Police unit also includes Railway police dealing with the children. At present 1890 child welfare officers are working in 945 police stations and 45 senior child welfare officers are working in 45 SJUPU’s.


Programmes and Activities:

Institutional Services:

  1. Children Homes:

         Children Homes for Boys and Girls are set up  as per Section 50(1)of the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act 2015, with an objective of providing shelter during the process of inquiry and for providing long term rehabilitation for orphan and destitute children  in need of care and protection  who are brought or produced before Child Welfare Committees. Children who are produced before Child Welfare Committees are admitted in the Children Homes. These homes provide Counselling, Education, Recreation and Training for their rehabilitation along with basic facilities like food, accommodation, health care etc.  These Children are admitted to outside schools or Colleges for their education and over all development. There are 59 children’s Homes in the state, of which 29 are for boys and 29 for girls and one for children under the age of 6 years. In these, children’s Homes for mentally challenged for boys in Bangalore, Bellary and Hubli and Gulbarga for girls are running.  By the end of March 2019 there are 1068 boys and 1340 girls in these homes. In the infant home(0-6 years) there are 10 girl childen and 20 male children.  

             Other programs for children of Children’s Home

  • A program was organized by the IDIA Charitable Trust, Bangalore on 29/5/2018 and 30/5/2018 from 11 districts 9th, 10th and Fisrt PUC 50 children were participated to raise awareness about legal issues. In this case, the preliminary consultation was provided by experts to help the children to attend CLAT entrance test to study law. Children were allowed to write test papers on entrencement test model.


  •  Cyclothan Program:

           Women;s rally Umeed 1000 Cyclothan was organized on 4.12.2018 and 9.12.2018  From Belgaum to Bangalore, with the Joint Initiative of Karnataka State Reserve Police and Department of Women and Child Development. In this rally besides 40 women police personnel, 04 women IAS, IPS, KAS and KSPS officers also participated. This program was under the consent and guidance of the Honourable DG & IGP.The rally started from Belgaum on 5.12.2018 and ended at Bangalore via Hubli, Ranebennur, Chitradurga and Tumkur.

           The main objective of this cycle rally is to raise the awareness among the public, particularly rural women and children about programs such as women empowerment, women's education, Swachcha Bharat, the effects of child marriage, and women's hygiene.The rally enroute visited the women's school, college and ITI educational institutions. It was informed to children's homes in Belgaum, Ranebennur, Chitradurga, Tumkur and Bangalore district, to participate in the program along with the children of the State Women's Asset Centre groups. The program was attended by the deputy directors of Belgaum, Ranebennur, Chitradurga and Tumkur districts, Department of Women and Child Development and District Child rotection Officers, District Child Protection Unit and children of the children's Homes and a conversation was also organised for the children in this rally. In the cycle rally program, the public has been made aware of the issues such as women empowerment, prohibition of child marriage, child rights, POCSO, through the brochures printed on issues relating to child rights protection and awareness from District Child's Child Protection Unit office for child development.

       2. Fit Institutions:

            There is a provision under the Juvenile Justice Act, to recognize Voluntary Organizations who provide care, protection, and rehabilitation services to the children as Fit Institutions. 41 Voluntary organizations have been recognized as Fit Institutions, of which 08 organizations are getting grant in aid from the Government. At the end of March 2018-19, 234 boys and 301 girls are sheltered in these institutions. By the end of March 2019, the grant of Rs. 55,39,779 /- of 2017-18 has been released to 3 organizations. 

       3. Observation Homes:

           Oservation homes are meant for temporary reception of juvenile in conflict with law during pendency of enquiry against him/her under the Juvenile Justice Act. The children below 18 years of age in conflict with law under the purview of the Indian Penal Code or other related legislations are produced before Juvenile Justice Board constituted as per Section 4 of the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015. Children in conflict with the law are usually kept in the Observation Homes during the trial period for observation for up to 4 months. Currently 17 Observation Homes are operating. At the end of March 2019, 111 boy children are sheltered in these Observation Homes.

  1. Special homes

            Children who are convicted section 18’G’ of Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015 are admitted to Special Homes for long term rehabilitation which ensures their future and sustainability.  Four Special Homes are set up and two for boys attached to Observation Home situated in Bangalore (Urban) and Belgaum District and 2 Special Homes are located at Davanagere and Bangalore (Rural) are for Girls.

           ‘ECHO’ a voluntary organization has been recognized by the Government as Fit Institution to run Special Home at Sumanahalli, Bangalore Urban District. At the end of March–2019, 30 children were remained in the institution for rehabilitation.Through various rehabilitative programmes and marketable vocational training activities ECHO ensures/assists in employment of all our released children, ECHO Special home has various occupational training programs like tailoring through motorized sewing machines, computer skills, driving skills, fabrication skills, house keeping, clay moulding, gardening, vegetation, farming and animal husbandry etc.. It helped the children to develop a positive approach. This helps the children to make a living when they are released and sent back to society. The boys staying here are counselled, receive education and participate in numerous activities, all with a focus on their rehabilitation,  Place of Safety: As per section 49 of JJ Act – 2015 place of safety has been sanctioned by Govt vide order no. WCD 2016 Mababa 2016, dt:25.04.2017 for 50 children at Bengaluru and action has been taken to start the functionaries of the same.


  1. Open shelters for children's care and protection in urban and semi-urban areas:

          The goal of this program is to provide support for children's all-round development in the city and semi-urban areas, with the need for care and protection - mainly for begging children, rag picking kids, street children, working children, orphaned children, trafficked children, abandoned children, street children and children of migrants who are exploited and children living on the street side.


            Open Shelter for Care and Protection of Children in Urban and Semi Urban Areas:

            Open Shelter for Urban and Semi urban areas will cater to all children in need of care and protection like beggars, street and working children, rag pickers, orphan, deserted, trafficked children. Those who do not have dwelling place or home and family ties, vulnerable to abuse and exploitation, especially children of pavement dwellers are taken care by this scheme.

            These Shelters provide:

  • shelter, nutrition, healthcare, sanitation and hygiene, safe drinking water, education and recreational facilities and protection against abuse and exploitation.
  • Enrollments in schools, vocational training, placement, health services, reducing drug & substance abuse and HIV/AIDS among street children.
  • Open Shelters offer day and night shelter facilities to the children in need of support services for a temporary period, while efforts are made to rehabilitate them.

         40 Open Shelters are functioning in Karnataka. 60% of the cost of the project is provided by Government of India, 30% by State Government and remaining 10% should be borne by the Organization/Institution concerned. By the end of March 2019, 391 girls and 678 children are sheltered in open shelters. In 2018-19, grant of Rs 4,61,26,307/-. of the period 2017-18 was released for 34 open shelters.


Other Services provided under Juvenile Justice Act:   

  1. Abhaya Children’s Fund(Section 150 of JJ Act)

        Karnataka Children’s fund was created as per provision of the JJAct vide GO no mamae 183 mabhaba 2013, Bangalore Dated 15/10/2014. This Fund was renamed as ‘Abhaya Makkala Nidi’ vide G.O.No.MamMamaEe 69  Mabhaba 2016, Bangalore Dated:29-12-2016. Provision is made to provide maximum assistance up to Rs.1.00 lakh for  medical assistance to children who are Sexually abused. Other Provisions include under this Fund are, Medical assistance to Children of Fit  Institution, Financial Support to Children of Govt Homes and Fit institution  towards  fees for higher education / vocational training, After care Services,  to participate in national and International Sports and also to pay fees to  the support persons/translators/counsellor/specialist identified by District Child Protection Unit under POCSO(Rs 1,000/-per case).  Based on the demand from the districts (from 2014-15 till now), a total amount of Rs. 108.68 /- lakhs(including the Central Office grant and Interest amount and Study Fee) has been released and Rs.85,63,270 /- is spent. A total of 19 boys and 1114 girls benefited from this Abhaya fund.


  1. Registration of Child Care Institutions (Juvenile Justice Act Section 41)
  1. Juvenile Justice(Care and Protection) Act 2015, Section 41(1) says all the Institutions, whether run by State Government or by Voluntary or Non-Government Organisations, which are meant  for housing children in need of care and protection or children in conflict with law, shall be registered under this Act. If not, punished with imprisonment which may extend to one year or a fine of not less than Rs.1/- lakh rupees or both as per  Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection) Act 2015, Section 42(1).
  1. Supreme Court has given directions to ensure that the process of registration of all the CCIs is completed positively by 31st December, 2017. In this context final advertisement/notification is given through Department of Information and Public Relations, and Local Papers through Deputy Commissioners of the concerned Districts.
  1. All the Deputy Commissioners, Superintendents of Police and Cheif Executive Officers of Zilla Panchayats have been asked through DO letter to list any unregistered homes in their jurisdictions. These officers have been asked to find out the unregistered homes through their sub-ordinate officers such as Tahasildars, Village Accounts, Executive Officers of Taluk Panchayats, PDOs of Gram Panchayats, Elected Representatives.
  1. State has identified around 1300 CCIs including CCIs run by the Department. Because of wide publicity, 1134 CCIs have been registered,28 instituions registration have been cancelledand 141 institution registration renewed.


        3.Special care plan for HIV infected and affected children:

        This programme is being implemented since March 2010 to provide care and support of HIV / AIDS infected and affected children and Children who have lost their parents due to AIDS. This programme is being implemented by KSICPS through District Child Protection Units. As per Scheme guideline  cash incentive to ensure education, health, nutrition and care of children affected and infected with HIV with  a view to bring them to the main stream of the Society.During 2017-18  finacial assistance has been enhanced to Rs 1000/-  per month  per child for all category of children as per the announcement  made in the budget speech.During 2018-19 an amount of Rs. 1500 Lakhs  is  allocated and 19,535 children are availing the financial support under this programme .


       Colloborative Programme


          In2018-19, permission has been granted from State Hedquarters to visit Children’s Homes for the purpose of studying the implementation of Integrated Child Protection Plan, to total 29 research students from 1) Tumkur University 2) Vani Sugar First Grade College, Hiriyur, Chitradurga, 3) Akkamahadevi Women’s University, Vijayapura 4) NIPSID 5) NIMHANS Department of Social Work, Bengaluru 6) Padmashree School of Public Health, Bengaluru 7) Centre for Rural Develpoment, Institute of Social Work and Research, Mumbai and for Dr. Janardhan, (Assistant Professor), NIMHANS, Bengaluru Permission has been granted from State Hedquarters to total 5 research scholars from1) Nimhans Department of Clinical Psychology 2) Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal 3) Department of Psychology IDE -University of Madras, Chepauk, Chennai 4) Department of Forensic Science (JAIN) Deemed University, Bangalore 5) NIMHANS Institute, Bangalore, to study about the Juvenile Justice Board and children of Observation Homes.  District child Protection Officers are permitting visit to Children’s Homes / Observation Homes in respective districts.


Last Updated: 10-08-2020 01:05 PM Updated By: Admin

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